学习啦【英语作文】 编辑：淑贤 发布时间：2017-11-22 09:04:41
In this listening material, the professor made several points about ____________.
First of all / Moreover /
Furthermore, the professor states /
claims / argues / discusses /
mentions / talks / indicates /
says / contends / raises the issue /
demonstrates / makes the point /
holds / believes / shows that __________________, while the reading passage (反对)contradicts /
departs from / refutes / disagrees with /
opposes to the writer’s expectation /
casts doubt on / presents a (totally) different idea /
jeopardizes / differs from /
on the contrary / makes the explanation seem less likely /
in contrast /(支持)supports /
illustrates / strengthens / agrees with /
bolsters / (perfectly) reinforces /
presents the same view that ____________.
1. The lecturer says that the theory stated in the passage was very indifferent and somewhat inaccurate when compared to what happened for real.
2. This directly contradicts what the passage indicates.
3. This was another part where experience contradicted theory.
4. This is entirely opposed to the writer’s expectation.
5. This is where the speaker disagrees with the writer.
Finally, the speakers raises the issue that ___________.
This point disagrees that ________________ demonstrated in the reading. So, the contents in the reading passage are totally jeopardized by the speaker and the speaker has totally different ideas on the topics made in the reading.
Finally, the professor states that, in support of the reading, ___________________.
This perfectly reinforced what the reading passage indicates, because the passage says that ___________________________.
In the lecture, the professor makes several points about... / the professor argues that... However, the reading passage contends that... The professor's lecture casts doubt on the reading by using a number of points that are contrary to...
The first point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is that... According to the professor, ... differs from the reading in that the reading states... The point made by the professor casts doubt on the reading because...
Another point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is... The professor claims that... However, the reading states.....This point is contradicted by...
Finally, the professor states that, on the contrary of reading, ... In other words, ... This directly contradicts what the reading passage indicates, because...
表反对：differ from / disagree with / cast doubt on / conflict with / challenge…
In the lecture, the professor made several points about... The lecture argues that... The points made by the professor agree with... In fact, the examples used by the professor support...
Furthermore, the professor bolsters the reading by stating that...
The professor claims that... This point agrees with the reading, which contends that...
Finally, the professor states that, in support of the reading, ... Specifically, ... This perfectly reinforced what the reading passage indicates because...
表支持：enhance, uphold, corroborate, justify, substantiate, advance
In the lecture, the professor argues that ________, which differs from the main idea in the reading that ________. Doubt is casted on points in the reading by points in the lecture in aspects below.
The first point that the professor uses to cast doubt on the reading is that _______, while the reading states ________. According to the lecture, the professor holds the view that ________.
In addition, the professor claims that _____. However, the reading states______. This is another point.
Finally, the professor states that, on the contrary of the reading, ____________. This directly contradicts what the reading indicates, namely _________.
In conclusion, the points made in the lecture contrast with the reading _________, ______ and _____ demonstrate that ________ is in doubt.
The lecture is mainly discussing ______, ________ and ___________ by _________, challenging what are stated in the reading passage that _________, __________ and _________.
First of all, the speaker thinks that ___________. In contrast, the reading passage believes that _____________. So, the lecture totally disagrees with the view made in the reading.
Second, the speaker discusses ___________, Contradicting what is stated in the reading that _____________________.
Finally, the speakers raises the issue that ___________. This point disagrees that ________________ demonstrated in the reading.
So, the contents in the reading passage are totally jeopardized by the speaker and the speaker has totally different ideas on the topics made in the reading.
A recent new incentive program implemented by a major corporation aims to foster healthy lifestyles among its workforce. The potential benefits are numerous, though this article will focus on three of them.
The first benefit is obvious: the incentives will be a material aid in helping employees quit smoking and lose weight. The most commonly cited reason for failure to break bad habits is lack of a support network, because smoking and an unhealthy diet are quite common. But if an entire workforce is made of non-smokers or people who eat healthy food, every employee can break their bad habits.
Another powerful set of incentives for developing good habits is that the company will partially cover the payment of the insurance for those with healthier lifestyles. In effect, the amount saved from paying for insurance is a raise in salary. An added benefit could be offering them additional vacation days.
The third benefit should accrue to the company. Most workers with a healthy lifestyle are not absentee workers. Likewise, workers with good health tend to work far more efficiently. They take no smoke breaks, are less susceptible to nagging coughs and colds, and generally have more energy than their unhealthy counterparts. In turn, the company can make more profits and save the health-related costs. All in all, this incentive program for employees’ health is a win-win proposition for company and staff alike.
【原文摘要】 3 benefits: incentive program / healthy lifestyles ← corp~
【笔记转述】 The reading passage mainly discusses three benefits of an incentive program carried out by a company to promote healthy lifestyles among its employees.
【原文摘要】 company → part~ $ → insurance→↑ vacation → healthier
【笔记转述】 For those with healthier lifestyles, the company will pay part of their insurance and provide them with additional vacation time.
【原文摘要】 ×smk & ↓ wgt
【笔记转述】 The first benefit of the program is to facilitate employees to quickly quit smoking and lose weight.
【原文摘要】 health √ → ↑ 率 →↑ 利 → company
【笔记转述】 Employees with good lifestyle habits work more efficiently and make more profits for the company.
2)笔记重点可按照“假说→假说根据1 →假说根据2 →假说根据3”的模式记录，这也是答题模板，建议大家熟记。在新托?？际蕴Σ糠纸崾蟮?0分钟休息时间内，考生最好在草稿纸上面先写好这个模板。
很多同学在综合写作部分都会紧扣200词这一数字，认为超出这一数字会导致扣分。其实不然，在托福官方指南中，关于综合写作的字数要求描述如下：Suggested length is between 150 and 225 words. You will not be penalized if you write more, so long as what you write answers the question.根据以上文字描述，我们不难发现，字数并不是综合写作当中的扣分项，重要的是根据两段材料把问题阐释清楚。